Research data published in the NEJM appear to have similar efficacy as antibiotics in eliminating Clostridium difficile infection, The New York Times reported.
In the study, the investigators randomly assigned 20 people with C. difficile infections to receive antibiotics or faecal transplants.
The researchers found that five of nine people who received faecal transplants were cured of infection, compared to five of 11 people treated with antibiotics.
The research team noted that two of three people who received antibiotics after faecal transplants were cured, while a second course of antibiotics was not effective in any patient previously exposed to the drugs.
The investigators plan to confirm these findings in a larger study involving about 200 patients.
Study author Michael Bretthauer said the findings "speak for themselves" but cautioned that larger studies are needed for practice-changing results.
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