Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 13-16 September 2021

News 17/09/2021

Nine new medicines recommended for approval

EMA’s human medicines committee (CHMP) recommended nine medicines for approval at its September 2021 meeting.

The Committee adopted a positive opinion for Artesunate Amivas* (artesunate), for the initial treatment of severe malaria in adults and children. This medicine has an orphan designation because malaria has a low prevalence in the European Union.

The CHMP recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Brukinsa* (zanubrutinib), for the treatment of Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia.

The Committee adopted a positive opinion, recommending the granting of a conditional marketing authorisation for Gavreto (pralsetinib) for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

The CHMP recommended granting a marketing authorisation for Qinlock* (ripretinib) for the treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST).

Vumerity (diroximel fumarate) was granted a positive opinion for the treatment of adult patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis.

Two biosimilar medicines were recommended for approval by the Committee: Hukyndra and Libmyris (both containing adalimumab) for the treatment of inflammatory auto-immune disorders such as arthritis psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease or uveitis. A biosimilar medicine is a biological medicine that is highly similar to another biological medicine that is already authorised for use.

Two generic medicines received a positive opinion from the Committee: Sugammadex Mylan (sugammadex) intended for the reversal of induced neuromuscular blockade and Rivaroxaban Mylan (rivaroxaban), an anti-coagulant intended for the prevention and treatment of atherothrombotic and venous thromboembolic events in certain at-risk patients.
 

Negative opinion on a new medicine

The CHMP recommended the refusal of a marketing authorisation for Raylumis (tanezumab). Raylumis was intended for the treatment of pain associated with osteoarthritis.

For more information on this negative opinion, see the question-and-answer document in the grid below.
 

Recommendations on extensions of therapeutic indication for nine medicines

The Committee recommended granting three extensions of indication for Nucala (mepolizumab), including the extension for the treatment of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. For more information on this extension, see the news announcement in the grid below.

Other extensions of indication recommended by the Committee were for FirmagonJyselecaKeytruda, NoxafilOpdivoSeglurometSteglatro and Zepatier.
 

COVID-19: CHMP concludes Article 5(3) review on Vaxzevria

The CHMP has concluded its further analysis of data on the risk of unusual blood clots linked to low levels of blood platelets (thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome, TTS) and on the use of a second dose of Vaxzevria, reinforcing its interim opinion of April 2021. A scientific opinion on these points was requested by the European Commission following the initial reports of TTS associated with the vaccine. EMA analysed all the available data, including the latest TTS data from spontaneous reports in EudraVigilance, detailed vaccination data from Member States and an additional commissioned study of the risk of blood clots that was reviewed in detail by EMA’s safety committee (PRAC).

The evidence did not allow EMA to identify particular risk factors that make TTS more likely. Although spontaneous reports when put in relation to the exposure have suggested that the risk may be higher in women and in younger adults, and lower after the second compared to the first dose, the limitations of the way the data is collected mean that none of these differences could be confirmed.

EMA’s recommendation remains to continue giving a second dose of Vaxzevria between 4 and 12 weeks after the first, in line with the product information. There is no evidence that delaying the second dose has any influence on the risk of TTS. Where a second dose of Vaxzevria is not given, no definitive recommendations on the use of a different vaccine for the second dose can be made at present (see EMA/ECDC Joint Statement).

The CHMP’s detailed assessment report will be published shortly.
 

Re-examinations of recommendations

The applicant for Nouryant (istradefylline) has requested a re-examination of the Committee’s opinion for this medicine adopted at its July 2021 meeting. Upon receipt of the grounds of the request, the Agency will re-examine its opinion and issue a final recommendation.

The applicant for Nexviadyme avalglucosidase alfa) has requested a re-examination of the Committee’s opinion for this medicine adopted at its July 2021 meeting. Upon receipt of the grounds of the request, the Agency will re-examine its opinion and issue a final recommendation.
 

Withdrawal of applications

Applications for an initial marketing authorisation for four medicines were withdrawn: Livmarli (maralixibat) for the treatment of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2 (PFIC2) in patients 1 year of age and older; Oportuzumab monatox DLRC Pharma Services (oportuzumab monatox) for the treatment and prevention of recurrence of cancer of the bladder and the prevention of recurrence of papillary tumours; Sildenafil FGK (sildenafil) for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in adult men; Teriparatide Cinnagen (teriparatide) for the treatment osteoporosis.

Question-and-answer documents on the withdrawals are available in the grid below.
 

CHMP concludes assessment of presence of a nitrosamine impurity in Champix

The CHMP has concluded its analysis on the presence of impurity N-nitroso-varenicline in Champix at levels above those considered acceptable for EU medicines. Champix should conform to a limit of impurity calculated based on compound-specific ICH M7 principles for a lifetime exposure. The company will now be asked to vary its licence to comply with the set requirements. As a precautionary measure the company that markets Champix had already recalled several batches in June 2021 and paused distribution. The previously circulated direct healthcare professional communication (DHPC) is being revised informing healthcare professionals that further shortages are anticipated. The updated DHPC will be published in the coming days on the following page. As part of the assessment, CHMP considered the criticality of Champix in the context of its current therapeutic use and the availability of alternative treatment options. The CHMP concluded that higher impurity limits were not acceptable as the product was not critical and its absence from the EU market would not create a concern in terms of public health. Patients should not stop taking Champix without first consulting their healthcare professional and talk to them if they have any questions or concerns.
 

Re-election of Harald Enzmann as CHMP chair

The CHMP re-elected Harald Enzmann as its chair for a second three-year term, starting in September 2021.
 

Agenda and minutes

The agenda of the September 2021 CHMP meeting is published on EMA's website. Minutes of the July 2021 CHMP meeting will be published in the coming weeks.
 

CHMP statistics

Key figures from the September 2021 CHMP meeting are represented in the graphic below.

*This product was designated as an orphan medicine during its development. Orphan designations are reviewed by EMA's Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) at the time of approval to determine whether the information available to date allows maintaining the medicine’s orphan status and granting the medicine ten years of market exclusivity.

Positive recommendations on new medicines

Name of medicine Artesunate Amivas
International non-proprietary name (INN) artesunate
Marketing-authorisation applicant Amivas Ireland Ltd
Therapeutic indication Initial treatment of severe malaria in adults and children
More information Artesunate Amivas: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Brukinsa
INN zanubrutinib
Marketing-authorisation applicant BeiGene Ireland Ltd
Therapeutic indication Treatment of Waldenström’s macroglobulinaemia (WM)
More information Brukinsa: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Gavreto
INN pralsetinib
Marketing-authorisation applicant Roche Registration GmbH
Therapeutic indication Treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
More information Gavreto: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Qinlock
INN ripretinib
Marketing-authorisation applicant Deciphera Pharmaceuticals (Netherlands) B.V.
Therapeutic indication Treatment of advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST)
More information Qinlock: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Vumerity
INN diroximel fumarate
Marketing-authorisation applicant Biogen Netherlands B.V.
Therapeutic indication Treatment of adult patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis
More information Vumerity: Pending EC decision

Negative recommendation on new medicine

Name of medicine Raylumis
INN tanezumab
Marketing-authorisation applicant Pfizer Europe MA EEIG
Therapeutic indication Treatment of pain associated with osteoarthritis
More information Raylumis: Pending EC decision

Re-examination of recommendation for new medicines

Name of medicine Nouryant
INN istradefylline
Marketing-authorisation applicant Kyowa Kirin Holdings B.V.
Therapeutic indication Adjunctive treatment to levodopa-based regimens in patients with Parkinson’s disease
More information Nouryant: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Nexviadyme
INN avalglucosidase alfa
Marketing-authorisation applicant Genzyme Europe BV
Therapeutic indication Long-term enzyme replacement therapy for the treatment of patients with Pompe disease
More information Nexviadyme: Pending EC decision

Positive recommendations on new generic medicines

Name of medicine Rivaroxaban Mylan
INN rivaroxaban
Marketing-authorisation applicant Mylan Ireland Limited
Therapeutic indication Prevention and treatment of atherothrombotic and venous thromboembolic events
More information Rivaroxaban Mylan: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Sugammadex Mylan
INN sugammadex
Marketing-authorisation applicant Mylan Ireland Limited
Therapeutic indication Reversal of induced neuromuscular blockade
More information Sugammadex Mylan: Pending EC decision

Positive recommendations on new biosimilar medicines

Name of medicine Hukyndra
INN adalimubab
Marketing-authorisation applicant STADA Arzneimittel AG
Therapeutic indication Treatment of inflammatory auto-immune disorders
More information Hukyndra: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Libmyris
INN adalimumab
Marketing-authorisation applicant STADA Arzneimittel AG
Therapeutic indication Treatment of inflammatory auto-immune disorders
More information Libmyris: Pending EC decision

Positive recommendations on extensions of indications

Name of medicine Firmagon
INN degarelix
Marketing-authorisation holder Ferring Pharmaceuticals A/S
More information Firmagon: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Jyseleca
INN filgotinib
Marketing-authorisation holder Gilead Sciences Ireland UC
More information Jyseleca: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Keytruda
INN pembrolizumab
Marketing-authorisation holder Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
More information Keytruda: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Noxafil
INN posaconazole
Marketing-authorisation holder Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
More information Noxafil: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Nucala
INN mepolizumab
Marketing-authorisation holder GlaxoSmithKline Trading Services
More information Nucala: Pending EC decision

News announcement: New add-on treatment for rare autoimmune inflammatory disorder

Name of medicine Opdivo
INN nivolumab
Marketing-authorisation holder Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharma EEIG
More information Opdivo: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Segluromet
INN ertugliflozin / metformin hydrochloride
Marketing-authorisation holder Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
More information Segluromet: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Steglatro
INN ertugliflozin
Marketing-authorisation holder Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
More information Steglatro: Pending EC decision
Name of medicine Zepatier
INN elbasvir / grazoprevir
Marketing-authorisation holder Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.
More information Zepatier: Pending EC decision

Recommendation for new contraindication

Name of medicine Adempas
INN riociguat
Marketing-authorisation applicant Bayer AG
New therapeutic indication Concomitant use with other soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators
More information Adempas: Pending EC decision

Important recommendation on new strengths, formulations or routes of administration

Name of medicine Byannli (previously Paliperidone Janssen-Cilag International)
INN paliperidone
Marketing-authorisation holder Janssen-Cilag International N.V.
More information Byannli: Pending EC decision

Withdrawals of applications

Name of medicine Livmarli
INN maralixibat
More information Livmarli: Withdrawn application
Name of medicine Oportuzumab monatox DLRC Pharma Services
INN oportuzumab monatox
More information Oportuzumab monatox DLRC Pharma Services: Withdrawn application
Name of medicine Sildenafil FGK
INN sildenafil
More information Sildenafil FGK: Withdrawn application
Name of medicine Teriparatide Cinnagen
INN teriparatide
More information Teriparatide Cinnagen: Withdrawn application

Other updates

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